Monday, June 29, 2015

Literature Review- Instructional Design when you get in a Bind!

Instructional design is extremely important when creating online courses.  In order to ensure needs of all learners are being met there are many strategies and instructional practices that can and should be used.  Many researchers have identified successful methods of instructional design and several are reviewed in the following blog post.



Research has shown that using the ADDIE model is beneficial to instructional design and implementation.  What is the ADDIE model?  The ADDIE model is a framework for design which includes five stages.  The five stages include analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation.  In order to get a better understanding of the ADDIE model click on the link below for more detailed information! 
 ADDIE Model

ADDIE is a clear and concise instructional design method that has proven to support student success.  One of the major components of this strategy is creating a detailed and precise syllabus.  The syllabus guides the course and an instructional pathway for learners. 

Another model that has proven to be beneficial to learners is using the Universal Design for Learning model.  Take a look at the following link to understand a little more about the UDL model.  UDL Model
This model has been used to create a more accessible learning environment for all students.  Mobile devices have been used to increase student participation and understanding of material though the UDL model. 

In conducting the literature review I have identified a list of “must haves” in instructional design.  Please take a look at the list below:

-The entire course needs to be created and ready to go before the course begins
-Create a detailed and specific syllabus
-As the instructor always be open with communication and present in conversations
-Use simple design structures
-Use teacher created videos to teach new concepts, explain procedures, etc.
-Provide students with collaborative opportunities
-As the instructor facilitate but let instruction be student-led
-Identify students background and use within the course
-Allow the course or sections of the course to be self-paced
-Differentiate lessons/activities based upon students level of ability
-Use games as a form of instruction!
-Provide real world examples and simulations
-Ensure course material is accessible
-Provide detailed and specific feedback for all learners
-Reflect, reflect, reflect: Always reflect on your instructional design methods and how to improve/change them for the future.


In order to effectively meet the needs of online learners’ instructors can use the strategies and methods listed above in their instructional design.  Always be willing to step outside the box and try new things!

Monday, June 15, 2015

Compare and Contrasting of ADDIE and Understanding By Design

As educators we are constantly using Instructional Design Models to improve our instruction.  After completing a great deal of research on several Instructional Design Models, I have determined the importance of comparing different designs.  In the following blog post I have compared the similarities and differences between the ADDIE Model and the Understanding by Design model. 




The Addie Model consists of five different phases which include; analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation.  In order to become more familiar with each phase of the ADDIE model please visit the following link.     ADDIE- check it out!                




The Understanding by Design model consists of only three stages which include desired results, acceptable means and learning plan.  To learn more about the Understanding by Design model please visit the following link.
  Understanding By Design- check it out!      

There are several similarities between the Addie Model and the Understanding by Design model.  Both of the models provide educators with step-by-step approaches to follow.  The two instructional designs allow educators to analyze and determine students’ needs and abilities throughout the teaching process. Not only do both of these designs allow educators to analyze student performance and success, but themselves as well.  A good teacher reflects on their own teaching and makes adjustments to their instruction based upon their findings.  One of the biggest areas of similarity between these two models is the fact that other stake holders can play an important role in the implementation process. 

In reviewing the two models, there were also several differences between the ADDIE model and the Understanding by Design Model.  The ADDIE model is more focused while the Understanding by Design Model is broader.  For example, the ADDIE model might be focused on one particular lesson while the UBD would focus on an entire unit.  To see an example of a Understanding by Design Model and the focus on an entire unit please click on the following link:   Example   

The thing that jumps out at me the most in comparing these two models is the fact that the Understanding by Design Model is working backwards from what we are accustomed to doing.  The UBD Model begins with desired results while the ADDIE model begins with analyzing. 
The ADDIE Model and the Understanding by Design Model are both very beneficial to the educational world.  Take a look at the two models and determine which would work best in your educational setting and/or try them both out to see which is more beneficial to you and your students! 

Tuesday, June 9, 2015

Universal Design for Learning

Over the last few days I have had the opportunity to research and learn about the Universal Design for Learning.  I really enjoyed learning about UDL and how I can use the guidelines to improve my online instruction.  Over the past year I have begun to integrate technology more and more into my instruction and I am trying to create a successful blended learning environment in my classroom.  By using the Universal Design for Learning  I have been able to reflect upon things that I do well in the classroom and many things I can improve upon.  Please take a look at the guidelines below and my reflection to each area.  




Provide Multiple Means of
Representation

Provide Multiple Means of
Action and Expression
Provide Multiple Means of
Engagement
1.Provide options for perception
-My students have a choice in receiving information auditory or visually.  When I first began doing the online assignments I tried to video tape everything I did for the students.  I realized that sometimes they wanted to have something different and read information on their own.


4.Provide options for physical action
-Students need to be constantly moving and doing new things.  As a first grade teacher I definitely relate to this and try to remind myself often of this dire need.  When looking back over the year I think I fell into too much of a rut in doing the same things with the students whether they were physically moving around or changing activities.  Next year I am going to ensure that I focus on this area more!
7.Provide options for recruiting interest
-In all of the classes I have taken through LR I have learned to give students choice in what they are learning.  To be honest I had trouble doing this this past year.  It is not that I don’t want to give the students the freedom, I think it is that I have a lack of organization to enable students to do this.  Throughout the summer I plan on working on this area in order to start the next school year off with a bang!
2.Provide options for language, mathematical expressions, and symbols
-The area I think I do this the most is during our Guided Math groups.  Students use so many different resources and strategies to solve problems.  For example, students may use their Ipad to draw base ten blocks or they may use strictly just numbers to complete the problem. 
-I feel that I could improve in this are in other subject areas such as Reading and Science!
5. Provide options for expression and communication
-Communication, as in all things, is extremely important.  In many lesson I have done in the past I have a lot of student talk going on which includes students explaining what they are doing or how they feel on a particular topic. 
-I need to work on building fluencies with graduated levels of support for the next school year.
8. Provide options for sustaining effort and persistence
- To be honest I feel that this year I was just trying to keep my head above water and I was trying to figure out what I was doing.  Next year I am looking forward to providing students with more challenging and stimulating activities/assignments in order to optimize their learning.
3. Provide options for comprehension
-I always try to activate student’s background knowledge before teaching a concept but sometimes I think I am so focused on teaching the new skills that I forget to do this sometimes.  On the other hand I have my students take pre-tests so that I know what they already know and so I can accurately gauge their instruction. 
-An area I feel I need to work on is to focus more on students being about to generalize more during instruction.  Often times I am just in a rush to move onto the next skill/objective when I need to slow it down and have the students truly reflect on what they have learned.  This will in turn show me their true comprehension of the material.
6. Provide options for executive functions
- I feel that I monitor student’s progress on a consistent basis, however, I need to teach the students to do this as well. 
9. Provide options for self-regulation
-Throughout the school year I feel the students did a great job motivating each other but I think I need to focus on having them do more self-assessments and reflection.  As a teacher I know I have to reflect on what I do on a daily basis in order to be the best teacher I can for my students.  The students need to reflect as well and set themselves to just as high standards as they do for each other.