Monday, June 29, 2015

Literature Review- Instructional Design when you get in a Bind!

Instructional design is extremely important when creating online courses.  In order to ensure needs of all learners are being met there are many strategies and instructional practices that can and should be used.  Many researchers have identified successful methods of instructional design and several are reviewed in the following blog post.

Research has shown that using the ADDIE model is beneficial to instructional design and implementation.  What is the ADDIE model?  The ADDIE model is a framework for design which includes five stages.  The five stages include analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation.  In order to get a better understanding of the ADDIE model click on the link below for more detailed information! 
 ADDIE Model

ADDIE is a clear and concise instructional design method that has proven to support student success.  One of the major components of this strategy is creating a detailed and precise syllabus.  The syllabus guides the course and an instructional pathway for learners. 

Another model that has proven to be beneficial to learners is using the Universal Design for Learning model.  Take a look at the following link to understand a little more about the UDL model.  UDL Model
This model has been used to create a more accessible learning environment for all students.  Mobile devices have been used to increase student participation and understanding of material though the UDL model. 

In conducting the literature review I have identified a list of “must haves” in instructional design.  Please take a look at the list below:

-The entire course needs to be created and ready to go before the course begins
-Create a detailed and specific syllabus
-As the instructor always be open with communication and present in conversations
-Use simple design structures
-Use teacher created videos to teach new concepts, explain procedures, etc.
-Provide students with collaborative opportunities
-As the instructor facilitate but let instruction be student-led
-Identify students background and use within the course
-Allow the course or sections of the course to be self-paced
-Differentiate lessons/activities based upon students level of ability
-Use games as a form of instruction!
-Provide real world examples and simulations
-Ensure course material is accessible
-Provide detailed and specific feedback for all learners
-Reflect, reflect, reflect: Always reflect on your instructional design methods and how to improve/change them for the future.

In order to effectively meet the needs of online learners’ instructors can use the strategies and methods listed above in their instructional design.  Always be willing to step outside the box and try new things!

1 comment:

  1. Your list of instructional design "must haves" is a really helpful way to present trends from the review of literature. In a concise way, you've presented several key findings and implications for instructional designers. In your post, you mentioned that UDL and ADDIE have been found to be effective models. Did you find empirical research to support their effectiveness? One recommendation for future posts like this one is to include in-text citations and a reference list of the sources you used so that your readers could locate the sources if they're interested.